Patent Information

International and Regional Arrangements:

  • Paris Convention:  Yes
  • PCT:  Yes (national phase deadline is 30 months from the priority date)
  • ARIPO:  Yes (see ARIPO requirements for designating Rwanda in an ARIPO application)
  • OAPI:  No

Filing Requirements:

  • Published PCT application or specification, claims, abstract and drawings in English or French (required on the day of filing)
  • Power of Attorney, simply signed (no set deadline)
  • Assignment of Invention (no set deadline)
  • International Search Report and International Preliminary Report on Patentability (no set deadline)
  • Certified priority document with verified English or French translation (no set deadline)

Novelty:     Absolute novelty is required

Patentability:   The list of non-patentable subject matter includes:

  • methods of medical treatment
  • substances, even if purified, synthesised or otherwise isolated from nature
  • known substances for which a new use has been discovered
  • pharmaceutical products (for the purposes of international conventions to which Rwanda is party)

Excess Fees:     None

Examination:     As to form only

Term of Patent:    20 years from the effective filing date

Renewals:    Payable annually from the first anniversary of the effective filing date

General Information

  • Area: Approximately 26 000 km2
  • Population: 11 million
  • Capital: Kigali
  • Currency: Rwandan Franc
  • GDP:   $ 11.8 billion (2010)
  • Domain name extension: .rw
  • Languages: French, Kinyarwanda (official languages), English, Swahili
  • Exports: Coffee; tea; tin ore; hides
  • Imports:  Foodstuffs; machinery and equipment; steel; petroleum products; construction material

International / Regional Conventions: 

  • Berne Convention
  • Hague Agreement on Designs
  • Paris Convention
  • Patent Cooperation Treaty
  • Universal Copyright Convention
  • WIPO Convention